year 4, Issue 1 (Semi-Annual 2019)                   JIC 2019, 4(1): 89-98 | Back to browse issues page

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Rafiei Rad R, Khazaie M. A Comparison of the Semantic Perspective of Colors in the Holy Quran and allusion literature. JIC. 2019; 4 (1) :89-98
Islamic Art University
Abstract:   (631 Views)
Although colors are, in their physical aspect, only a reflection of a particular wavelength, they have become, in human culture, a vehicle for expressing emotions, descriptions, imaginations, codes and symbols and other human subjects. The significance of this is that the colors have been used in various forms and concepts, both in the language of the creature and in the scripture in the language of the Creator. The question is, what are the differences and similarities between the semantic functions of colors in the Holy Quran and the Persian Allusion  literature? Also, does the Holy Quran have any influence on the expansion of the meaning of color in the Allusion  literature? In response to these questions, this research uses a descriptive-analytical and comparative method, by collecting all the verses in the three encyclopedias of "Dehkhoda", "Amid" and "Culture of Persian Fables" as well as collecting all the verses in which the colors have been used and Also, library resources have achieved results. Colors in the Holy Qurchr('39')an for "describing human spiritual state", "describing human physical condition", "describing natural phenomena (plant, animal, nature)", "describing specific miracle colors", "describing ideal phenomena in paradise", "describing Extra-realistic is applied to the natural phenomenon of the resurrection. Colors in Persian quotes, in the four functions of color in the Holy Quran mentioned above, namely "description of natural phenomena (plant, animal, nature)", "description of human physical condition", "description of miracle color" and "description of ideal phenomena in paradise" ", They have in common. Both in the Holy Quran and in Persian quotes, there are cases in which colors are used to describe onechr('39')s spiritual state. These descriptions of the spiritual state of man using color, in the Holy Quran, are purely related to the Resurrection. But in the Persian allusion s, this function of colors refers to the description of the spiritual state of man, both in the resurrection and in the world. Colors are sometimes used in Persian allusion s to express appearance and also to describe a place or an object that has no such application in the Holy Quran about color. Instead, color in the Holy Qurchr('39')an is also used to describe in a more realistic way the natural phenomenon of the resurrection, which does not exist in the Persian allusion s. Colors in the Holy Quran have mainly realistic functions and their allusion s function is very low. The growth of Islam in Iran has had a profound impact on Persian language and literature, both in terms of content and structure. Influences such as the inclusion of words and idioms and Quranic verses increased the alphabet and translation approaches, and the writing of Quranic dictionaries increased the vocabulary and meanings of the Persian language. In such a way that the function of white refers directly to the story of the Holy Quran, the miracle of the hands of Prophet Moses. Green, like the Holy Qurchr('39')an, has been used to dress heavenly people. Also, as we have shown, some Persian allusion s have given color to the function mentioned in the Holy Quran. Like black, in terms like: black letter (black letter), black bowl (sin). Or the blue color in the Holy Quran is used only for the eyes of sinful people who are sad at the resurrection. This color, in addition to being used in allusion s, also as the color of the sky, has the same metaphorical function, which for the human eye is "blindness and bruising" in the sense of darkness, misery and sorrow. But the difference is that it does not refer to a specific time like the resurrection.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/05/24 | Accepted: 2019/08/22 | Published: 2019/10/31

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