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year 5, Issue 2 (Semi-Annual 2021)                   JIC 2021, 5(2): 4-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Shafizadeh A, Gharbi S. The concept of upper and lower triangle symbol in architectural works, case study: the tomb of Sheikh Haidar in Meshkinshahr.. JIC. 2021; 5 (2) :4-0
URL: http://jih-tabriziau.ir/article-1-162-en.html
Abstract:   (201 Views)
In architectural works, especially architectural decorative works, we see the abundance of designs and designs that are derived from geometric, plant or Islamic designs. The use of these designs is for two main reasons: first, it is used only for discussion of aesthetics and aesthetics in the building; Second, it is purposeful and has a meaning in its heart; These signs, which sometimes contain specific thoughts and ideas from a certain period that are closely related to the place and building used. One of these forms is a role consisting of two triangles that have been used in several different places; The composition of triangles in different mirrors has different meanings, in this article we try to find out whether this symbol speaks of another or not; If so, what is thinking or what is important behind it. The purpose of this research is to re-read this symbol and its general concepts based on the mystical details of its time; To find these influential thoughts, it is necessary to know and understand the mysticism of that period and the degree of its belief for that particular time. In this direction, we have tried to collect library and field information and analyze information based on temporal and spatial data to realize their effectiveness in this regard and by analyzing each topic to receive its effect. In a period in the Islamic history of Iran, a set of ideas was introduced and grew exponentially, which has led to the creation of a controversial line of thought up to the contemporary era; Illumination; This mysticism, of which Suhrawardi was the founder and thinker, and he also considered himself the inheritor of wisdom, which from his point of view was the preservers of the word in the two dynasties of East and West. Mr. Ibn Arabi considers the manifestation of divine love in creation and considers the motivator of God in this creation as love; They believe that man is the nature of love and the dough of existence is the product of love, and therefore we are moving towards the source of love. Ibn Arabi believes in the flow of love throughout life and believes that we cannot know existence until we understand love, and he considers love in the world as blood in the human vein; He believes that God's knowledge of His creatures is the same as His own knowledge, and ultimately means that His effect is unimpeded in the world. The most obvious issue in the subject is the symbol of its meaning, it is very clear that behind every form, there is a current and current thinking that has been influenced by the dominant thoughts of its time. In the same way, what has been presented before, the arc of ascent and descent, also represents the thought of that period and the mystical beliefs of Iran at the peak of mystical thoughts of the fourth to eighth centuries. According to this maximum, man has been from eternity and will return to eternity. Therefore, this descent is shown by the earthly life and the descent arc, and the ascent is represented by the ascending arc. Considering the time of construction and emergence of the tomb complex in 731 AH, one can clearly see the thoughts and beliefs related to the arc of ascent and descent, and it was concluded that they hoped that the noble man buried in his eternal place would originally to return. According to the sacred expression of the six-pointed star throughout history from the time of the Prophet Solomon to the Holy Prophet; It must be acknowledged that the two composite triangles and the arcs of its circumference can be the best sign of the published thoughts of Suhrawardi and Ibn Arabi, and by cleverly playing these volumes, it has made the return to the original understandable to all sections of its society.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/02/22 | Accepted: 2022/04/3 | Published: 2022/06/6

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